Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disorder in the United States and the most frequent cause of disability in adults. You can slow down its progression and stay as active as possible with early and consistent treatment, so don’t wait to see Ramin Rabbani, MD, an expert in treating arthritis. He collaborates with you to develop a treatment plan that fits your lifestyle and health concerns. You can schedule an appointment by calling his practice in Beverly Hills, California or booking an appointment online.
Arthritis is a catch-all term that includes more than 100 different diseases, all of which cause joint inflammation and pain. Most of these diseases fall into two categories: osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. Most cases develop gradually as daily wear and tear deteriorate cartilage in your joints. In about 12% of cases, however, osteoarthritis arises from a joint injury.
Cartilage typically cushions your bones and lubricates the joint, which lets bones move freely. As cartilage wears away, bones rub together when you move, causing pain, stiffness, limited motion, and inflammation.
Osteoarthritis can affect any joint, but it most often develops in your knees, hands, hips, and spine.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder that develops as your immune system attacks your joints, causing the inflammation and swelling that’s responsible for pain and stiffness. When RA goes untreated, inflammation damages cartilage and bone, leading to joint deformity.
In about 40% of people, rheumatoid arthritis also affects body areas outside their joints, causing symptoms in their skin, eyes, nerves, heart, and lungs.
Spondylosis, or osteoarthritis of the spine, can lead to disc degeneration, the development of bone spurs, or a slipped disc. It may also cause narrowing of the spinal canal, which compresses the nerves.
You can develop significant pain in your back and neck, as well as tingling or muscle weakness in your arms and legs. Osteoarthritis can affect any part of your spine but commonly develops in your lower back.
Each type of arthritis follows distinct treatment protocols. For example, some medications specifically target rheumatoid arthritis but not osteoarthritis.
Maintaining mobility is essential, so treatment often includes physical therapy or a structured exercise plan that’s well-balanced with the rest necessary to minimize joint strain.
Dr. Rabbani may recommend intra-articular injections containing cortisone to reduce inflammation and pain, or hyaluronic acid to lubricate and cushion the joints. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections also help treat arthritis by reducing inflammation, stimulating healing, and triggering the growth of new tissues.
Since arthritis causes progressive joint damage, Dr. Rabbani might perform surgery to realign bones or to replace the joint.
If you begin to develop joint pain or stiffness, call Ramin Rabbani, MD, or book an appointment online so you can start early treatment to slow the progression of arthritis.